By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing facility in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains zone and took notice of rival French investors’ good fortune at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine used to be instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even supposing they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. when you consider that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s yr inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations variety from version spellings to notice option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of an organization clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to aid his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have established their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and alternate.
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Extra info for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
239/a/40 concerning Henday ’s personal interaction with the Native group he accompanied (for example, 13 and 26 September, 16 May). 239/a/40 (for example, 1, 14-16 October, 23 April, 15, 30 May), more often than not the added material emphasizes not Henday’s individuality but his generic Englishness: he is the HBC representative opposed to French traders inland. Supplementary descriptions, such as smoking with ‘‘strangers’’ and hunting buffalo, are similar to passages in later furtrade journals.
Wind South and pleasant weather. Took my departure from Tickomeg Reach, and paddled up a branch of Steel River 12 Miles NW. passed much Shoal Water with rocky ground; obliged to carry our Canoes over it. Passed thirty Islands; on one of them grows a few Birch trees. The banks of the River is low on which grows Small pines. Saw several Craw-fish, and killed a Duck. 239/a/40 ye 4 Thursday fine weather wind at SWt, took my departure from Crawfish fall, and Steered Wt 22 M, falls much the same as the day before, the Inds killed 3 Beaver, here being plenty of their Houses.
To W. * * from York Fort to pine reach 60 Miles measured. 239/a/40 ye 29 Saturday fine weather Wind att No took my Departure from pine Reach, and padled up Steell River NWbWt and NWt 28 miles, the woods & Land is much the same, this day past 7 falls, was obliged to Carr y our things over 4 of them, the water being shoul, past 3 brushy Islands. 2/6 29 Saturdy fine weather, wind No took my departure from pine-Reach* and paddled up Steel River NWbWt 25 miles, this day passed 4 large falls, the banks are high, and tall woods on both sides the River, which is about 16 poles wide, and a strong current.