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Monumental in scope and intensity, this vibrantly precise chronicle sweeps from New Amsterdam of 1654, the place Brazilian Jewish refugees confirmed a beachhead sooner or later manhattan, to the Eighties crusade to resettle Soviet Jews within the usa. within the such a lot complete and revealing account up to now of the saga of yank Jewry, George Washington collage historian Sachar explores how Jews confronted the problem of holding their old workforce id inside a widening matrix of Americanization. He charts the contributions of Jews from the innovative struggle to the California Gold Rush of 1849 to hard work activism and Tin Pan Alley. He additionally profiles rankings of influential Jews starting from Samuel Gompers to Alfred Heinz (Henry) Kissinger. Sachar ( A background of Israel ) contains rather incisive sections on American Jews' heated divisions over Zionism, the efforts to rescue Europe's Jews from Nazism, black-Jewish family members and the Jews' effect on American tradition. This soaking up narrative unfolds a wonderful epic of immigration, popularity, acculturation and reaffirmed identification within the face of institutionalized discrimination.

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Extra info for A History of the Jews in America

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Whites who were determined to overthrow Republican regimes (for example, in Alabama in 1874, in Mississippi in 1875, and in South Carolina in 1876) murdered large numbers of blacks. The administration of Ulysses S. Grant had sporadically used military intervention to suppress such violence. But in the fall of 1875, the president and his cabinet calculated that intervening in Mississippi, where whites had killed scores of blacks in political violence, would alienate The Plessy Era 29 northern voters, many of whom no longer supported military coercion.

David J. Brewer was the son of an abolitionist minister, a critic of the Dred Scott decision, a proponent of emancipation, and a supporter of black suffrage and of black education. Yet, as a justice on the Kansas Supreme Court in the early 1880s, he dissented from a decision that invalidated school segregation on the basis of state law. 23 The performances of these justices in race cases during the Plessy era were consistent with the meager evidence we have of their personal views on race. Only John Marshall Harlan, the sole Plessy dissenter, seemed to defy his past.

20 Finally, Republicans in 1894 won one of the largest congressional victories in history and in 1896 the largest presidential victory in a quarter century. These were transitional elections. Some formerly contested northern states became secure Republican bastions, and a political equilibrium was established that remained largely undisturbed until the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt. Moreover, in the mid-1890s, Republicans proved competitive for the first time in border states such as Kentucky and Maryland.

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