By Kenneth Shields
This ebook explores the beginning and evolution of vital grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, demanding, quantity, point, and temper. Its primary thesis is that a lot of those markers will be traced to unique deictic debris which have been included into verbal constructions with a purpose to point out the 'hic and nunc' and diverse levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The changes to which those deictic components have been topic are considered right here within the context of an Indo-European language very assorted from Brugmannian Indo-European, many positive aspects of which, it really is argued, seemed basically within the interval of dialectal improvement. This e-book demanding situations a variety of conventional proposals concerning the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly in response to extant facts and are consonant with proven rules of linguistic swap.
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Extra info for A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology
In view of Hitt. - ten we should analyze rather -tan-a of which tan corresponds exactly to Hit!. ten. Skt. -t(h)a probably shows the contamination of "-e and "-eN as "-e, the latter element also appearing as the final morpheme in -t(h)an-a. The Baltic languages perhaps attest a related second person plural suffix in "-te, the preconsonantal sandhi variant of "-ten. Endzelins (1971:205) notes that "Common Baltic -te is reflected in the Lith. , juntate and in the Latv. dial. reflexive -te-s beside the active fonn -tee) and perhaps, in Pr.
Mid. -meth8 < "-methfll" (1979:109). After documenting that "a 2 pI. ending can be tacked onto a 1 pI. ending", as in the Cypriote Greek suffix -mente « -mem-te) and Russian imperative constructions like pOjdemte « pojdem + -tel "let's go", Cohen (1979:109-110) argues that "-methfll represents a -contamination of the Indo-European first person plural ending "-me and the zero-grade form of the second person plural ending "-dh wom (see Cohen  for details). But although Cohen (1975) does present evidence that a suffix of the second person plural can be analogically extended within a verbal paradigm to the first person plural, when one considers such analogical extensions of personal markers, one naturally thinks of Benveniste's assertion (1971b) that in the singular it is the third person "which will tend to impose its form on the rest of the paradigm, irrespective of the form of [ ...
Arnlenian. Tocharian. and Anatolian of a segmentable -u element in the formation of the perfect (Arm .. aorist mediopassive, Ritt. , Luw. ). -rocts, cf. Skt. j8jfiBU, Lat. ) and note -u- as the regular 3rd sg: ending of the mediopassive aorist in·Armenian: cn8W beside Isolated elew. Fma~ly. note its presence in the 1st sg. pret. in Toch. e .. Hitt. 1st sg. pret. -u(n), Luw. 1st sg. pres. -u(-O (1979:68). J Erhart (1970: 17) proposes that this alternation was morphophonemic in nature, with the morphophoneme which he reconstructs as *H 2 having been realized sometimes as m and sometimes as W.