Download A Glossary of Historical Linguistics by Lyle Campbell PDF

By Lyle Campbell

Ancient linguistics — the research of language switch — has lengthy been a cornerstone of linguistics. With its lengthy heritage, a number of subfields, and complicated terminology, it provides many demanding situations to scholars and students. This ebook is an important complement to classes in historic linguistics and the historical past of person languages. It offers an available, up to date, and commonly consultant review of historic linguistics via explication of its major phrases and concepts.
Key good points:
-A convenient and simple to appreciate pocket guide
-Numerous move references to similar terms
-New and standard terminology
-Defines terminologies, presents examples and appropriate discussions
Distribution is proscribed to Canada and the us

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As further changes accumulate, these dialects can develop into distinct languages; that is, they diversify, become divergent. The related languages of language families all descend from an original protolanguage that diversified over time. Thus, English is, essentially, a much-changed ‘dialect’ of Proto-Germanic, that has undergone successive linguistic changes to make it a different language from German, Swedish and its other sisters. Each proto-language was once a single language, which diversified, resulting in its daughter languages.

Behind a push chain is the notion that differences between sounds in phonemic systems tend to be maintained to preserve meaning differences of words that otherwise would come to sound alike. In this view, if a sound starts moving into the articulatory space of another sound, this can cause a change whereby the 866 02 pages 001-242 6/12/06 08:52 Page 29 A GLOSSARY OF HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS 29 crowded sound moves away from the encroaching sound in order to maintain distinctions. If the fleeing sound is pushed towards the articulatory space of some other sound, then that sound too may shift to avoid the encroachment, setting off a chain reaction.

Every word has its own history’ – ‘chaque mot a son histoire’ The slogan, usually associated with dialectologists who opposed the Neogrammarian’s notion of the regularity (exceptionlessness) of sound change, is often attributed to Jules Gilliéron, author of the Atlas linguistique de la France (1902–1910), the dialect atlas of France (see Gilliéron 1921, Gilliéron and Roques 1912). It is also credited to Hugo Schuchardt (1868), though, a contemporary of the Neogrammarians, of whose claims he was critical.

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