By Jonathan Crary
24/7: past due Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep explores a few of the ruinous results of the increasing continuous methods of twenty-first-century capitalism. now operates via each hour of the clock, pushing us into consistent task and eroding sorts of neighborhood and political expression, harmful the cloth of daily life.
Jonathan Crary examines how this interminable non-time blurs any separation among an intensified, ubiquitous consumerism and rising concepts of keep watch over and surveillance. He describes the continuing administration of person attentiveness and the impairment of conception in the obligatory workouts of up to date technological tradition. even as, he exhibits that human sleep, as a restorative withdrawal that's intrinsically incompatible with 24/7 capitalism, issues to different extra ambitious and collective refusals of world-destroying styles of development and accumulation.
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Additional info for 24/7: Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep
Some men favored an American East India Company—despite the popular distaste for monopolies—but the several proposals made in the 1780s all failed. Others, more distantly affected by Company logic, tried to attach to their private trade to Asia some of the public pretense East India Companies so often employed, but these efforts did little to improve their profits. Traders with no national purpose and no aim of state behind their profits did well. They tramped British, French, and Dutch imperial routes and traded across imperial bounds.
For liberals, this new thing called progress was chaotic and disorderly. Man pursued his self-interest in competition with his peers, and out of the hodge-podge of discordant self-interests came the direction and order of the market—the “invisible hand,” as Smith would later call it. 58 Smith defined a moral sentiment behind liberalism: the business classes’ yearning to be free of economically oppressive government. He was not an advocate of a desolate, impersonal, atomized world ruled by economic imperative, as he is so often made out to be; nor was Wealth of Nations a conservative document.
29 decision making for the Pitt administration. After the India Act with which Pitt began his administration was passed, Pitt set Dundas in charge of overseeing Indian affairs. Dundas was a Smithian free-trade advocate for empire, but his was an eighteenth-century understanding of the term “free trade,” by which he meant the freedom to trade, not the abolition of tariffs. ) Dundas and others fully advocated discriminatory tariffs to encourage commerce to flow in one channel or another; what he opposed was that Parliament forbade certain individuals to trade to certain places at all.